## Rear Scales

Scales are listed in
order from top to bottom.
**Keying of S Scale**

The S (sine) scale is
treated in two substantially different ways on slide rules. In the “Rietz”
arrangement of trig scales (S, S&T, T), angles between 0º-34’ and 5º-44’
are set on the S&T scale and the value of the sine of
the angle is read
from the C/D scales with the knowledge that it lies in the range 0.01
to 0.1--e.g., sin(4º) =0.0697. Larger angles, in the range 5^{º}-44'
to 90º, are set on the S scale and the value of their sines read from
the same C/D scales as before but this time with the knowledge that the value
lies in the range 0.1 to
1. In other words, the angle 4º is the same distance from the
end of the S&T scale as its sine, 0.0697, is from the end of the C and D scales and the
angle 40º is the same distance from the
end of the S
scale as its sine, 0.643, is from the end of the same C and D scales. This
is true for all rules that have an S&T scale.

There is no S&T scale
in the “Mannheim” arrangement (S, L, T) of trig scales; all angles from
0 degrees 34 minutes to 90 degrees are set on the S scale and the value of
their sines (range: 0.01 to 1.0) are read from the A/B scales.

Thus, there are two different
ways to set up the sine scale: Rietz (keyed to C/D) and Mannheim (keyed
to A/B).
Slide rules with [S, L, T] scales usually use the Mannheim sine scale but
several Hemmi slide rules, made between WWII and 1955, with
[S, L, T] scales used the Rietz sine scale. After 1955 these rules
switched back
to "Mannheim" sine scales. (Got that? Some Hemmi Mannheim rules
used "Rietz" sine scales.) The catalogue notes which style is
used on closed body rules with [S, L, T] on the back of the slide.